Radiological Findings on Chest Computed Tomography in Patients With the Primary Diagnosed Chronic Lymphoproliferative Diseases

Usenko, Ganna and Gashynova, Kateryna (2022) Radiological Findings on Chest Computed Tomography in Patients With the Primary Diagnosed Chronic Lymphoproliferative Diseases. Cureus, 14 (3). e22935. ISSN 2168-8184

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Introduction The presence of concomitant respiratory pathology complicates the process of treatment and recovery of patients with chronic lymphoproliferative diseases (CLDs). Therefore, the diagnosis of lung injury is an important step in the management of such patients. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, nature, extent, and location of changes diagnosed by high-resolution chest computed tomography (CT) in patients with CLDs at the initial examination. Methods Medical records of inpatients who were hospitalized in 2018-2019 to the City Hematology Center of the Public Non-Profit Enterprise “City Clinical Hospital #4” of Dnipro City Council with a confirmed clinical diagnosis of CLDs were included in the retrospective study. The results of initial high-resolution chest CT were studied and analyzed. Results Out of 1,004 hospitalized patients with confirmed CLDs, 119 patients were primarily diagnosed. Among them, 81 patients underwent chest CT examination (68.1%) before the beginning of specific therapy. The average age was 65 (56;68) years, 46 (56.8%) were men. 23 (28.4%) patients were diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, 28 (34.6%) patients with multiple myeloma, 24 (29.6%) patients with lymphoma, and six patients (7.4%) had other CLDs. It was found that both central and peripheral lymphadenopathy had about a third of the studied cohort of patients (33.3 and 29.6%, respectively), and these symptoms dominated in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (43.5 and 50%, respectively), lymphoma (50 and 52.2%, respectively), and other CLDs (45.8 and 16.7%, respectively), in contrast to patients with multiple myeloma (7.1 and 0%, respectively). Lesions of the lung parenchyma were found in 45.7% of the studied cohort and were met more often in patients with multiple myeloma (67.9%). However, when comparing the prevalence of their categories, no statistically significant differences were found. Predictable bonedestructive changes were statistically significantly more common in patients with multiple myeloma than in other groups of patients with CLDs (P=0.0003). Conclusions Signs of pulmonary diseases during initial chest CT were found almost in half of the patients with CLDs. It potentially may affect the frequency of treatment complications in such patients. Lymphadenopathy was the most common finding on chest CT, especially in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and lymphoma. And enlarged intrathoracic lymph nodes possibly could lead to pulmonary functions disorders. Among the types of lung parenchyma lesions, pneumofibrosis and foci of consolidation in the lower lung lobes were the most often diagnosed. Chest CT is informative at the stage of the initial examination of patients with CLDs not only for clinical diagnosis but also for the diagnosis of respiratory comorbidities and prediction of the disease outcome and treatment complications.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:
Uncontrolled Keywords: chronic lymphoproliferative diseases, lesions of the lung parenchyma, lymphadenopathy, chest ct, comorbidity
Subjects: Oncology
Divisions: Departments > Department of occupational diseases, clinical immunology and clinical pharmacology
Depositing User: Елена Шрамко
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2022 14:41
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2022 14:43

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