Practical significance of the features of lithogenesis of ureatic stones in residents of the developed industrial region, patients with urial stone disease

Barannik, K. and Molchanov, R. and Barannik, S. (2022) Practical significance of the features of lithogenesis of ureatic stones in residents of the developed industrial region, patients with urial stone disease. In: Science of XXI century: development, main theories and achievements: collection of scientific papers «SCIENTIA» with Proceedings of the II International Scientific and Theoretical Conference (Vol. 3), June 24, 2022. European Scientific Platform, Helsinki, Republic of Finland, pp. 40-44. ISBN 979-8-88526-798-4

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Urolithiasis is one of the oldest diseases known to medicine; however, the mechanisms of stone formation and development remain largely unclear. Physico-chemical, biological and biochemical processes that occur during the formation of urinary stones, determine the peculiarities of their composition and structure, as evidenced by modern methods of analysis: spectral, X-ray, polarization, optical, immersion, infrared spectrometry and others [1,2]. But it was determined that knowledge of the chemical composition and structure of urinary stones does not improve their destruction [3]. Urolithiasis, a complex multifactorial disease, results from an interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Epidemiological studies have shown that urolithiasis is associated with a number of lifestyle-related diseases, including cardiovascular disease, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and metabolic disorders. Syndrome [4, 5, 6]. Elucidation of the mechanisms underlying the formation of urinary stones will allow the development of new prophylactic agents. For the development of new modern methods of mechanical destruction of urinary stones, data on the structure of urinary stones, which primarily determines their physical properties, are of particular importance. An example is the fact that graphite and diamond have the same mineral composition (carbon), but the strength of each of them can’t be compared: one - fragile, the other - the hardest [7, 8]. Introduction. Purpose of the study — to reveal the specific features of the ontogenesis of uroliths from the nirks of the Meshkants in the Dnipropetrovsk region, which are related to the structure and morphology of these dentures. Follow-up methods. For the purpose of the work, a sequential analysis of the morphology of more than 246 urologists from the inhabitants of the Dnipropetrovsk region was carried out, and a detailed analysis of their petrographic studies was carried out. Rozmіri dolzhenyh kamenіv vіd 5 mm to 67 mm dozhiny, vіd 4 mm to 54 mm lintels, vіd 3 mm to 31 mm tovshchina. Okremі kamenі bіlshі rozіru. The shape of the stones was varied. The morphology of uroliths was studied with the help of a stereoscopic binocular microscope MBS-9. Microscopic examination of sections of uroliths in Vikonan with the help of an optical polarizing microscope MIN-8.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: Urology
Divisions: Departments > Department of General surgery
Departments > Department of Surgery №1
Depositing User: Елена Шрамко
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2022 12:57
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2022 12:57

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