The levels of hypoxiaand angiogenesis-related regulators and matrix metalloproteinase 9 activity in tear fluid of patients with non-penetrating ocular traumas

Gavrylyak, I.V. and Greben, N.K. and Bilous, V.L. and Korsa, V.V. and Zhaboiedov, D.G. and Ağca, C.A. and Tykhomyrov, A.O. (2022) The levels of hypoxiaand angiogenesis-related regulators and matrix metalloproteinase 9 activity in tear fluid of patients with non-penetrating ocular traumas. Медичні перспективи = Medicni perspektivi (Medical perspectives) (4). pp. 168-176. ISSN 2307-0404 (print), 2786-4804 (online)

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This article was focused on the evaluation of protein biomarkers related to thrombosis, hypoxia, angiogenesis, and tissue remodeling in tear fluid of patients with non-penetrating corneal trauma. 32 patients with non-penetrating corneal injures were enrolled in the study, the control group consisted of 15 healthy patients. Samples of tear fluid were collected from the patients and control volunteers with the use of a disposable end micropipette. Protein levels of D-dimer, hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), angiostatins, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) in tear fluids were determined by western blot analysis. Proteolytic activity values of MMP9 were measured by gelatin zymography. Results of western blot and zymography assay were calculated by densitometry analysis and expressed as arbitrary units. Significant increase of D-dimer and HIF-1α levels in tear fluid of patients with injured cornea by 7.3 (p<0.05) and 56 (p<0.001) folds, respectively, was shown compared with control, indicating thrombotic events and hypoxia condition to be involved in pathogenesis of ocular trauma. Dramatically elevated levels/activity of MMP-9 enzyme (by 105 folds vs. control, p<0.001) suggest intense tissue remodeling and degradation of extracellular matrix in the damaged cornea. Up-regulation of angiostatin level, products of proteolytical cleavage of plasminogen, in tear fluid collected from patients with traumatic eye in comparison with healthy volunteers (by 7.3 folds, p<0.05), could represent an adaptive mechanism, which counteracts excessive hypoxia-induced neovascularization in injured cornea. It is summarized that there was a strong association between elevation of D-dimer, HIF-1α, angiostatins, and MMP-9 levels suggesting thrombosis- and hypoxia-mediated mechanisms triggering wound healing of injured cornea. The findings of this study are novel and provide a basis for further investigations of the reparation mechanisms during non-penetrating ocular trauma. Studied proteins of the tear fluid can serve as relevant biomarkers of corneal wound healing and are appropriate for diagnostic and prognostic purposes

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: DOI: 10.26641/2307-0404.2022.4.271217
Uncontrolled Keywords: tear fluid, corneal trauma, D-dimer, HIF-1α, angiostatins, matrix metalloproteinase 9; слізна рідина, травма рогівки, D-димер, HIF-1α, ангіостатини, матриксна металопротеїназа 9
Subjects: Ophthalmology
Clinical medicine
Divisions: University periodicals > Medical perspectives
Depositing User: Ирина Медведева
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2023 09:23
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2023 09:23

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