Changes in the functional condition of the masticatory muscles with increased teeth abrasion

Pavlenko, S.A. and Pavlenkova, E.V. and Tkachenko, I.M. and Sidorova, A.I. and Vodoriz, Y.Y. and Samoylenko, A.V. (2019) Changes in the functional condition of the masticatory muscles with increased teeth abrasion. Wiadomosci lekarskie, 72 (5 cz 2). pp. 1002-1006. ISSN 0043-5147


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OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The term "pathological abrasion" (increased abrasion) can be described as a loss of tooth hard tissue on the occlusal, oral, vestibular surfaces of teeth or in the occlusal area. Treatment of increased abrasion of teeth is a difficult task for the practical work of a dentist. The choice of the optimal treatment plan provides the greatest likelihood of long-term success and minimal probability of complication appearance. The aim of our work was to study the functional activity of the masticatory muscles in the pathogenesis of the development of increased abrasion of tooth hard tissues. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In order to achieve the goal of the study, an examination of patients aged between 19 and 69 years old was carried out in order to identify the number of persons with increased abrasion of teeth. During the examination of all patients one control and one researched group were formed. The patients of the control group (30 patients aged from 18 to 60 years) which had intact dental rows with any signs of increased tooth wear. The investigated group consisted of 25 patients, aged from 18 to 60 years. Depending on the complex treatment, the patients of the second group were divided into two subgroups. Subgroup 2A - (10 patients) with increased abrasion of tooth hard tissues with planned complex treatment of the disease without additional use of mouthguards after the end of treatment. For the patients from the 2B subgroup (15 people with increased abrasion of tooth hard tissues) a mouthguard was prescribed after the end of the complex treatment. In order to study some peculiarities of the muscular activity of the maxillofacial region an electromyogram was taken from all participants before treatment and repeated in a six- and twelve-months term. RESULTS: Results and conclusions: In our opinion, all manifestations of increased tooth abrasion are associated with changes in the muscular system, the motor apparatus and the nervous activity of the body. Regarding to this, the study of the propria muscular system and the related bone system can justify the usage of one or another prevention or treatment of the pathology. Based on the results of our research, we can conclude that the study of the functional state of the muscle complex is a fairly reliable prognostic sign in the study of such a disease as an increased tooth abrasion.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Идентификатор PUBMED: 31175733 Scopus
Uncontrolled Keywords: electromyography; Increased tooth abrasion; hard tooth tissues; masticatory muscles
Subjects: Therapeutic dentistry
Divisions: Departments > Department of Therapeutic Stomatology
Depositing User: Елена Шрамко
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2020 09:49
Last Modified: 17 Mar 2020 09:49

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